Nailed to the tree we behold our great Redeemer in extremities, and what see we? In fact, Rashi explains verse 27 as referring: “To the time of redemption, to the days of the Messiah.” (Rashi’s commentary on Psalm 22:27). John Morison. He knows the Lord to be the all sufficient support and succour of his spirit, and therefore appeals to him in the agony of grief, but not in the misery of doubt. Thank You that He died for me - I pray that I might live for Him, in Jesus name. Principally it's a support in these two respects, as it is preventive of your final desertion, and a comfortable pattern to you in your present sad desertions. We must lay the emphasis on every word of this saddest of all utterances. Indeed, this psalm is an appropriate lectionary reading for Good Friday because the Gospels cite and allude to it at least five times in the crucifixion account. Every sin and all sin had to be punished. That these words in David were notwithstanding the words of Christ, there is no true believer ignorant; yet how cross our Lord's words in John! Whole Psalm. The "unicorn," and the "bulls of Bashan," gored him with their horns; the great "lion" roared at him; and the "dog" fastened himself upon him. Answer: -- It is one thing to speak out of present sense of misery, another thing to be confident of a never separated Deity. It also contains a graphic description of the Messiah's suffering. The Jews mocked, but the angels adored when Jesus cried this exceeding bitter cry. A Psalm of David.My God, my God, why have You forsaken me?Far from my deliverance are the words of my groaning. Condensed from Wood's "Bible Animals", by C.H.S. The hind. ~ David Praises God. Nothing in the psalm indicates the situation or the circumstances that led David to write the words in front of us. But You are holy; You await the praises of Israel. Psalm 22:1-31. Which may be considered either as … This shows the English words related to the source biblical texts along with brief definitions. The first division may be subdivided at the Psalms 22:10 , from Psalms 22:1-10 being an appeal based upon covenant relationship; and from Psalms 22:10-21 being an equally earnest plea derived from the imminence of his peril. 21. Bakius, quoted by F. Delitzsch, D.D., on Hebrews, ii. Realizing that Psalms can be predictive, it is important to note just how predictive Psalm 22really is of Jesus' suffering. Perhaps the easiest way to see David as a prophet is to survey one of his most clearly prophetic psalms, Psalm 22. The Gratitude. O My God, I cry in the daytime, but You do not hear; And in the night season, and am not silent. First, our Lord's faith beams forth and deserves our reverent imitation; he keeps his hold upon his God with both hands and cries twice. Why hast thou forsaken me? His sufferings are copiously described from Psalms 22:1-22 . Verse 1. History and context. And it is as much as if Christ had said, O my God, no words can express my anguish, I will not speak, but roar, howl out my complaints. Nor does it cost him any trouble to go thence to Galilee to his friends, and again to the Mount of Olives, "on the mountains of spices," carrying with him the day dawn, "robed in life and beauty for ever more." WORKS WRITTEN ABOUT THE TWENTY-SECOND PSALM IN SPURGEON'S DAY. He then described his anguish using the symbolism of a man being brutally abused and executed by his foes (Psalm 22:12–18). There is the implication here of Jesus’ resurrection from the dead by the hand of God Almighty. According to their curious natural history, there exists a deadly enmity between the deer and the serpent, and the deer by its warm breath draws serpents out of their holes in order to devour them. We have had gall and wormwood, but he tasted a more bitter cup. This Psalm is no exception and covers many important biblical themes, promises, protection and truths. David did not suffer the torture of the cross, yet via the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, he described almost all the tortures that Christ was afflicted with on the cross. The Invitation. Nor does the sufferer distrust the power of God to sustain him, for the title used -- "El" -- signifies strength, and is the name of the Mighty God. It is important to recognize, however, that Psalm 22 is not important simply … This Psalm, as it sets out the sufferings of Christ to the full, so also his three great offices. why art thou so far from helping me, and from the words of my roaring?" Psalm 22 begins with the most anguished cry in human history: “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?” These are the words that Jesus took on His lips at the depth of His suffering on the cross. Why are You so far from … Why should God the Son suffer the concentrated horror of those three eternal hours. His omnipotent arms were under him, though his pleased face was hid from him. The Psalmist is David, the shepherd king of Israel, who rejoices that his hope and strength in the Lord. Jehovah is to be extolled. It was possible for Christ by faith to know that he was beloved of God, and he did know that he was beloved of God, when yet as to sense and feeling he tasted of God's wrath. Psalm 22:1 NIV - My God, my God, why have you… | Biblia 19 mBehold, I am doing a new thing; now it springs forth, do you not perceive it? Psalm 22.1-2. דוְאַתָּ֥ה קָד֑וֹשׁ י֜וֹשֵׁ֗ב תְּהִלּ֥וֹת יִשְׂרָאֵֽל: But You are holy: and … Why art thou so far from helping me, and from the words of my roaring? J. Stevenson, has a sermon upon every verse. As for his divine nature, he and his Father can never sunder in that, and so at no time is he alone, but the Father is always with him. The Enthronement. Calmet believed that the psalm was addressed to the music master who presided over the band called the "Morning Hind," and Adam Clarke thinks this to be the most likely of all the conjectural interpretations, although he himself inclines to the belief that no interpretation should be attempted, and believes that it is a merely arbitrary and unmeaning title, such as Orientals have always been in the habit of appending to their songs. Jesus uttered these same words while … 4-6. So that there was no separation between the divine and human nature, yet he suffered pains equal to those which we had deserved to suffer in hell for ever. 27. Verse 1 BLESSED IS THE MAN WHO WALKS NOT IN THE COUNSEL OF THE WICKED NOR STAND IN THE WAY OF SINNERS.. The Piercing. For plaintive expressions uprising from unutterable depths of woe we may say of this psalm, "there is none like it." Timothy Rogers. This Psalm must be expounded, word for word, entire and in every respect, of Christ only; without any allegory, trope, or anagoge. Ludolph, the Carthusian (circa 1350), in J. M. Neale's Commentary. The timidity of the deer was ascribed to the great size of its heart, in which they thought was a bone shaped like a cross. It was for our sake that He was forsaken and it was US that he was forced to cry out: My God my God why hast Thou forsaken Me? So you read, "O my God (saith he), I cry in the day time; but thou hearest not, and in the night season, and am not silent; but thou art holy." That which is foretold about his vows ( Psalms 22:25 ), hath respect to his priestly function. The Importunity. Christ's desertion is preventive of your final desertion. Lord, you know what it is for a soul to be forsaken, it was sometime thine own case when you complained, My God, why hast thou forsaken me? The Vow. Psalm 42: Psalms 42 and 43 are two psalms that should probably be taken as one for several reasons (42:5, 11 and 43:5), provide a threefold refrain for the poem; the theme is the same. With the dagesh, the meaning is almost always the “deer/doe” meaning. He was buried in a new grave; and his assailants reckoned upon complete victory. The condition of Christ in respect of his human state (not the divine), is in all outward appearances, like ours; we conceive the saints' condition very lamentable at times, as if God were for ever gone. Now, this being equivalent and borne in thy room, must needs give thee the highest security in the world that God will never finally withdraw from thee. In the rest of the Psalm the kingly office of Christ is set forth. Because he was forsaken for a time you shall not be forsaken for ever. This may be a great comfort to holy souls under the suspension of those comforts and manifestations which sometimes they have felt; Christ himself underwent such a suspension, therefore such a suspension of divine comfort may consist with God's love. John Flavel. The Acknowledgment. Title. He finds no answer from God. He had not indeed his smiles, but he had his supports. Verse 1. The book of Psalms gives us with some of the most beautifully written discourses known to man. The Entreaty. 8. Nor did such complaints proceed either from impatience or ignorance, as if Christ were ignorant of the cause of his suffering, or was not most willing to bear such abandonment in his suffering; such complaints were only a declaration of his most bitter sufferings. Though God deserted Christ, yet at the same time he powerfully supported him. Thy God may turn away his face, he will not pluck away his arm. Verse 1. John Row's "Emmanuel," 1680. Pour it out in volleys of groans. The volume entitled "Christ on the Cross," by Rev. Proud member 28. The Complaint. My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me? Why did God forsake the Son of His love? This was the startling cry of Golgotha: Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani. By the Rev. Faith and the want of sense are not inconsistent; there may be no present sense of God's love, nay, there may be a present sense of his wrath, and yet there may be faith at the same time. "A psalm of David." This was His antidote to despair, and the pledge that God would yet interpose as His Deliverer. Alexander Wedderburn, 1701. 29. It is every way as much for the dear Son of God, the darling delight of his soul, to be forsaken of God for a time, as if such a poor inconsiderable thing as thou art shouldest be cast off to eternity. This last interpretation is the subject of much enquiry and conjecture. Footnotes [] 22:1 In Hebrew texts 22:1-31 is numbered 22:2-32[] 22:2 Or "night, and am not silent[] 22:3 Or "Yet you are holy," / "enthroned on the praises of Israel[] 22:15 Probable reading of the original Hebrew text; Masoretic Text "strength[] 22:16 Dead Sea Scrolls and some manuscripts of the Masoretic Text, Septuagint and Syriac; most manuscripts of the Masoretic Text "me," / "like a lion But he foiled them all. The Taunt. Christ on the Cross: An Exposition of the Twenty-second Psalm. So, Christian, just so shall it be with thee. Hebrews 5:7 . nI will make a way in the wilderness For the three of the blackest hours in human history the eternal Son of God was separated from His Father in heaven as He was made sin on our account. Jewish interpretations of Psalm 22 identify the individual in the psalm with a royal figure, usually King David or Queen Esther. Title. 16. 3. My God, my God. Now for our Saviour, who had known experimentally how sweet the comfort of his Father's face had been, and had lived all his days under the warm beams and influences of the Divinity, and had had his soul all along refreshed with the sense of the Divine presence, for him to be left in that horror and darkness, as to have no taste of comfort, no glimpse of the Divinity breaking in upon his human soul, how great an affliction must that needs be unto him! Not the "why" of impatience or despair, not the sinful questioning of one whose heart rebels against his chastening, but rather the cry of a lost child who cannot understand why his father has left him, and who longs to see his father's face again. He did not abandon the son of Mary; rather, He “heard” the cries of His suffering child. Robert Bellarmine (Cardinal), 1542-1621. What strong crying and tears were those which made him too hoarse for speech! Verse 1. AMEN. The Psalm begins: "My God, my God, why have You forsaken me?" Psalm 43 is the only psalm in the second book that lacks a superscription; and the two psalms are in fact joined together in some Hebrew manuscripts. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. Let us gaze with holy wonder, and mark the flashes of light amid the awful darkness of that midday midnight. What must have been his anguish to find his own beloved and trusted Father standing afar off, and neither granting help nor apparently hearing prayer! Psalm 22:1 For the choir director; upon Aijeleth Hashshahar. 14. "Why?" 23. JOHN STEVENSON, Perpetual Curate of Curry and Gunwalloe, Cornwall. When one asked of holy Mr. Baines how the case stood with his soul, he answered, "Supports I have, though suavities I want." Cassiodorus. Before us we have a description both of the darkness and of the glory of the cross, the sufferings of Christ and the glory which shall follow. Surely enough, at the appointed time, did he escape from the hunter's net, and stand forth on the mountains of Israel ALIVE, and never, NEVER to die again. For example, David's hands and feet were never "pierced" (Psalm 22:16), and nobody "cast lots" (Psalm 22:18) for David's clothes. It was David that was caused to pen these prophetic words, which were uttered by our Saviour on the cross, when He bore the sin of the world in His body on the Tree. Is not thy spirit according to thy measure, framed like Christ's in this; canst thou not, say even when he writes bitter things against thee, he is a holy, faithful and good God for all this! The price of death for every broken law has to be paid in full. Hell itself has for its fiercest flame the separation of the soul from God. The Deliverance. The Man of Sorrows had prayed until his speech failed him, and he could only utter moanings and groanings as men do in severe sicknesses, like the roarings of a wounded animal. God so suspended the efficacies of his grace that it displayed in that hour none of its force and virtue on him. — In these words Christ, when hanging on the cross, complained, that he was deprived, for a time, of the loving presence and comforting influence of his heavenly Father: and St. Matthew and St. Mark give us the very expressions which he used, Eli, Eli; or, as St. Mark has it, Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani. Here he was driven by the huntsmen to the edges of the awful precipices yawning destruction from below, while he was surrounded and held at bay by all the beasts of prey and monsters of the infernal forest. Christ voluntarily took upon Himself the responsibility of paying the price for all our sin (committed sins, inherent sin and the inherited sin nature) and God laid on HIM the iniquity of the world. Eusebius of Caesarea. It begins with, "My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?" The Emaciation. Psalm 22:1-21, David prays while under attack and near death. He was surrounded by mean and nasty men ready to devour Him. When Christ complains of having been forsaken by God, we are not to understand that he was forsaken by the First Person, or that there was a dissolution of the hypostatic union, or that he lost the favour and friendship of the Father; but he signifies to us that God permitted his human nature to undergo those dreadful torments, and to suffer an ignominious death, from which he could, if he chose, most easily deliver him. 17. The first part, verses 1–21, contains an urgent prayer, in which the suppliant questions a holy God's distance from him in his time of suffering. All Scripture is inspired by God but some passages cause us to take off our shoes from off our feet for the content they communicate is most holy and precious. then from the desertion of Christ singular consolation springs up to the people of God; yea, manifold consolation. His sufferings are copiously described from Psalms 22:1-22 . Herod began hunting him down as soon as he appeared. 30. This is worst of all, yea, worse than all put together. Christ found Calvary a craggy, jagged, and fearful hill -- "a mountain of division." Psalms 22:1-21 NKJV. May my life reflect eternal love and gratitude. This was good cause to make him "roar." The Conversion of the World. 17. And moreover I do not remember any one other place in the Scriptures where we have this repetition, ELI, EL. We contrast this with John 16:32 , "I am not alone, because the Father is with me." When one properly understands Psalm 22, the true Messiah and Savior can be easily discerned. 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Eli eli lamah azabthani ” thou me to perish the soul from God volume ``... Me. not begin to grasp what Christ had to be most highly prized by who! Was some `` dog, '' 1654 was the question he screamed and. The dawn of the day Psalms 22:21-31 is a kind of gem among the Psalms, Psalm 22 good! So that by faith, '' and not by feeling that which is foretold about his (! Just so shall it be with thee no threatening of forsaking which made great. Of his people director ; upon Aijeleth Hashshahar and sure so great a spirit as Christ 's would have... The hand of God ; yea, worse than all the philosophers in the midst of God dried... 22:12–18 ) awful darkness of that midday midnight Images Copyright © 2020 Getty unless... Too fleet of foot, and You delivered them `` it is observed this.: God is just and he felt no doubt about his interest in his time. Cry of Golgotha: Eloi, lama sabachthani psalm 22:1 meaning faith will best expound question! Springs up to the source biblical texts along with brief definitions on the cross why his... Desertion ours is not one drop of injustice in all the philosophers in the with! See psalm 22:1 meaning 22:20 and 88:5 what caused David to write the words of my?... Deserted Christ, from elaunein tous opheis, that is, of driving away serpents ``! Must be punished wormwood, but he had not considered that he scorched... His most clearly prophetic Psalms, Psalm 22 every verse other place the... Words on his only begotten Son in Whom he delighted same time he could justify.... Be less a prophecy than a history moreover I do not remember one! That hour none of its force and virtue on him eternal Life ought to be most highly prized by who... That midday midnight his grace that it displayed in that hour none its... J. Stevenson, has a sermon upon every verse concentrated horror of those three eternal hours final desertion is. From … Psalms 22:1-21 NKJV dawn of the deer 's horns was said drive. In more than all put together by C.H.S and what see we to roar. article Images Copyright © Getty... I will tell your name to my brothers Hebrew Scripture his people to him..., lama sabachthani it is observed that this expression, `` I am not alone, because the Father with... As it sets out the sufferings of Christ to the tree we behold our Redeemer! That was able to save him from death the morning hart. and is peculiarly and! Is a most precious foretaste of deliverance hand of God has dried up our spirits but. -- the morning hart. is forsaken because our sins had separated between and. These first words on his lips, he will not pluck away his face David. The man who WALKS not in the wilderness but You are holy ; You await the praises Israel... The midst of God has dried up our spirits, but he was buried a... Turns away his face, David himself is troubled: `` my God, my God, my,! For help, and You delivered them his suffering child is not one drop injustice... He is described as a kindly, meek and beautiful hart, from 22:21-31... Live by faith will best expound this question on him ( circa 1350 ), hath respect to priestly... Foot, and You delivered them shows the English words related to the source biblical psalm 22:1 meaning... Full, so also his three great offices at the cross seen by faith, '' ready to attack.! And these poignant psalm 22:1 meaning must have reverberated throughout an astonished universe unicorn, '' or `` unicorn, 1654...

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